The Central Bank of Nigeria has announced that cash withdrawals will be restricted for accounts specifically opened for virtual and digital assets transactions. According to the newly issued ‘Guidelines on Operations of Bank Accounts for Virtual Assets Service Providers,’ withdrawals from these crypto bank accounts can only be made through transfer or via a manager’s cheque.

The bank emphasizes that accounts established under these guidelines are exclusively intended for transactions involving virtual or digital assets and should not be utilized for any other purposes. The guideline stipulates, “Cash withdrawals are prohibited from the Central Bank account.

Why CBN Limits Crypto Bank Account

Clearing of third-party cheques from the crypto bank account is not permitted. The only exception is for settling virtual/digital assets transactions, which must be conducted through a transfer to another designated crypto bank account. Withdrawals are restricted to either a manager’s cheque or a transfer to an account.”

Understanding Crypto Bank Account

A crypto bank account refers to an account specifically designed for managing transactions related to virtual and digital assets. These accounts are governed by guidelines that dictate their usage and features. In the context of these crypto bank accounts, certain restrictions often apply, such as limitations on cash withdrawals directly from the crypto bank account.

Instead, transactions are typically facilitated through transfers or manager’s cheques. The primary purpose of a crypto bank account is to exclusively handle transactions involving virtual or digital assets, and it is not intended for any other general banking activities. These crypto bank accounts play a crucial role in the evolving landscape of financial services related to cryptocurrencies and digital assets.

CBN’s Crypto Integration Policy: Shaping Formal Banking

In a December 2023 circular titled ‘Circular to all banks and other Financial Institutions guidelines on operations of bank accounts for Virtual Assets Service Providers’ (Reference Number FPR/DIR/PUB/CIR/002/003), the Director of the Financial Policy and Regulation Department, Haruna Mustafa, announced a significant policy change regarding crypto assets.

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The circular directed banks to actively support crypto transactions, marking a departure from the previous stance of restricting crypto assets within the formal banking sector. The accompanying guideline, outlined in the same circular, serves as the framework for the reintegration of crypto assets into the formal banking sector.

The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) expressed a shift towards a more open approach to regulation, contrasting with its earlier position of limiting the involvement of crypto assets in the formal banking system.

The CBN stated, “The Guidelines shall apply to banks and other financial institutions under the regulatory purview of the CBN.” The objectives include setting minimum standards and requirements for banking business relationships and account openings for Virtual Assets Service Providers in Nigeria.

CBN Guidelines: Institutions Embrace Virtual Assets Services

Financial institutions are now authorized, according to the guidelines, to engage in various activities in their operations for Virtual Assets Service Providers. These include opening designated accounts, providing designated settlement accounts and services, serving as channels for FX flows and trade, and other activities approved by the CBN.

Regarding the opening of crypto bank accounts by virtual asset providers, the apex bank emphasized that financial institutions must not open or allow the operation of any account for virtual/digital asset business unless it is specifically designated for that purpose and complies with the outlined guidelines. The approval for such designated accounts must come from the senior management of the financial institution.

The new CBN guideline also outlines additional requirements to safeguard the financial system and customers from uncertainties and fraud risks. Emphasizing the importance of adherence, the apex bank warned that banks not complying with the guidelines could face license suspension.

CBN Sanctions for Crypto Guidelines Non-Compliance

The document states, “In addition to the powers granted under the BOFIA 2020 and the use of remedial measures in these Guidelines, the CBN can impose various sanctions for non-compliance with the requirements.

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These may include prohibiting the opening of further designated crypto bank accounts, imposing monetary penalties not less than 2,000,000.00 against the financial institution (FI), its board, senior management, and staff, and suspending the operating license of the FI.”

When the CBN shifted its policy on crypto, Senator Ihenyen, Lead Partner and Head of Blockchain and Virtual Assets Practice at Infusion Lawyers, expressed optimism, stating,

“Regulators will now collaborate to ensure consumer protection and investor safety. Nigeria, being a leader in crypto adoption in Africa and globally, cannot afford to keep digital assets underground for economic and security reasons.”

In Conclusion

The recent policy shift by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) towards crypto assets signals a more open approach to regulation, emphasizing collaboration for consumer protection and investor safety. The guidelines introduced outline specific measures and sanctions, reinforcing the CBN’s commitment to enforcing compliance within the financial sector.

As Nigeria continues to be a significant player in the global crypto market, these regulatory efforts aim to strike a balance between fostering innovation and safeguarding the financial system.

The evolving landscape underscores the importance of adherence to guidelines, with potential sanctions, including the suspension of operating licenses, reinforcing the gravity of non-compliance. Moving forward, the cooperative efforts of regulators and industry stakeholders will play a pivotal role in shaping a resilient and well-regulated ecosystem for virtual assets in Nigeria.


Is there a Crypto Bank Account?

A crypto bank account is a financial account designed for users to handle transactions involving crypto assets like Bitcoin and Ethereum. These crypto bank accounts often provide a comprehensive platform that includes services such as crypto banking, trading, and facilitating international payments.

Can Crypto be Deposited into a Bank Account?

Broker exchanges such as Coinbase or Kraken necessitate the process of signing up, depositing Bitcoin, and initiating a withdrawal to your bank account. In contrast, peer-to-peer platforms like LocalBitcoins enable quicker transactions with individual buyers, who have the option to deposit cash or make bank transfers.

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How Do Crypto Banks Work?

Deposit accounts operate in a manner akin to a traditional bank account. Users deposit cryptocurrency into these accounts, and in return, the lending platform pays interest. The platform has the flexibility to utilize the deposited funds for lending to borrowers or other investment purposes.

Do Nigerian Banks Accept Cryptocurrency?

Nigeria’s central bank has lifted a ban on transactions involving cryptocurrencies, citing global trends that indicate a necessity for regulating such activities, as stated in its latest circular.

Do You Need a Bank Account for Cryptocurrency?

There are two effective methods to purchase Bitcoin without a bank account: using a credit card or utilizing cash. We will guide you to exchanges that support both of these options.

How Do I Deposit Money into Cryptocurrency?

To deposit Bitcoin, Litecoin, Ether, Lisk, Dash, or any other cryptocurrency, navigate to the Wallets tab in the left-hand menu. Choose the specific currency you intend to deposit, then select the Deposit option, if provided. Choose the desired network for the deposit and proceed to either copy the displayed deposit address or use a QR code scanner for the transaction.

What is the Difference Between a Bank and a Crypto Bank Account?

Traditional banking institutions operate under control, and regulation, and offer customer service, whereas cryptocurrency operates on a decentralized, transparent, and secure framework. The choice between utilizing cryptocurrencies or conventional banking systems ultimately depends on an individual’s preference.


Akinpedia is a passionate and knowledgeable author with a strong background in technology and business; he brings a wealth of expertise and insights to his writing.

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