The Lagos state government recently introduced the electronic Geographic Information System (e-GIS) platform, allowing residents to apply for, search, and verify land titles online before purchasing. Governor Sanwo-Olu announced this development on Friday via his social media handle, highlighting that the e-GIS platform has streamlined access to information about land matters in the state.

Online Land Title Verification (e-GIS)

Governor Sanwo-Olu emphasized that the launch of the e-GIS platform marks a significant departure from the traditional manual and paper-based method of applying for land titles. Instead, the new digital platform enables individuals to conveniently access data about all lands throughout the state.

What is Electronic Geographic Information System (e-GIS)

An electronic Geographic Information System (e-GIS) is a digital platform or system that leverages technology to manage, analyze, and present geographical or spatial information electronically. GIS refers to Geographic Information System, which traditionally involves the use of maps and geographical data to understand and interpret spatial relationships.

The “electronic” aspect of e-GIS signifies the integration of digital tools, databases, and technology to enhance the efficiency of managing and utilizing geographic information. In the context of the Lagos state government’s e-GIS platform, it is likely designed to facilitate online processes related to land management, such as applying for land titles, searching for information about specific plots, and verifying land titles.

The electronic platform digitizes and centralizes geospatial data, providing residents with easier and more accessible means of interacting with information related to land within the state.

Importance of Land Title Documents

Land title documents are of paramount importance for several reasons, playing a crucial role in property ownership and real estate transactions. Here are some key reasons highlighting the importance of land title documents:

  • Ownership Confirmation: Land title documents serve as legal proof of ownership. They establish and confirm the rightful owner of a piece of land, providing a secure basis for property rights.
  • Property Transactions: When buying or selling real estate, having clear and valid land title documents is essential. These documents are required for legal and financial transactions, ensuring that the transfer of ownership is legitimate and binding.
  • Security and Investment Protection: Land title documents offer security to property owners by safeguarding their investments. Clear and well-documented titles reduce the risk of disputes, fraud, or conflicting claims that could threaten the value of the property.
  • Access to Financing: Lenders and financial institutions often require clear land titles as collateral for loans or mortgages. Having a well-documented title makes it easier for property owners to access financing and capital for various purposes.
  • Legal Recognition and Enforcement: Land title documents provide legal recognition of property rights. In case of any disputes, these documents serve as evidence in a court of law, facilitating legal enforcement of property rights.
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Urban Planning and Development: Government authorities use land title information for urban planning and development purposes. Proper documentation helps in organizing land use, infrastructure development, and the implementation of zoning regulations.

  • Taxation and Revenue Collection: Local governments use land titles to assess property taxes. Clear documentation ensures accurate valuation and fair taxation, contributing to the revenue collection necessary for public services and infrastructure development.
  • Succession and Inheritance: Land title documents play a vital role in succession planning and inheritance. They help in clearly defining the rightful heirs and beneficiaries, preventing potential conflicts among family members.
  • Encouraging Investment: Transparent and well-established land title systems contribute to a conducive investment environment. Investors are more likely to engage in real estate projects when they have confidence in the clarity and security of property rights.

Land title documents provide a legal foundation for property ownership, transactions, and development, contributing to the stability and prosperity of both individuals and communities.

Lagos adopts digital land titles, cutting out middlemen

He highlighted that the recently introduced initiatives aim to eliminate the requirement for intermediaries and agents within the land title application process. This strategic move is geared towards streamlining and simplifying the procedure, ensuring a more direct and accessible approach for individuals seeking land titles.

The initiatives are designed to empower applicants by reducing reliance on middlemen, thus minimizing the associated costs and potential complications in the land title acquisition process. The overarching goal is to enhance transparency, efficiency, and ease of access for individuals navigating the complexities of securing land titles.

By leveraging technology and innovative solutions, the new initiatives have ushered in a more user-friendly and inclusive experience. The removal of middlemen not only facilitates a smoother application process but also aligns with the broader vision of transitioning traditional paperwork into a digitized format.

This shift not only meets contemporary expectations but also brings about a transformative change in the way land-related transactions are conducted. Governor Sanwo-Olu’s emphasis on reducing the reliance on intermediaries underscores a commitment to modernizing and simplifying administrative processes, making them more responsive to the needs of the public.

The initiatives represent a significant step towards creating a more efficient and accessible land title application system in alignment with the evolving digital landscape.

He stated

“The e-GIS portal is a one-stop digital platform that sanitizes and revolutionizes the process of acquiring, documenting, and verifying land in Lagos. With the portal now live, applications for land titles have transitioned from the centuries-old manual paperwork into digital form, eliminating the need for middlemen and the associated costs applicants previously faced.”

Governor Sanwo-Olu elaborated further, detailing that the e-GIS system has successfully compiled comprehensive data encompassing all lands throughout the state, dating back to the 19th century. This inclusive repository incorporates not only the particulars of the lands but also their corresponding titles and detailed transaction information.

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The implementation of the e-GIS system signifies a monumental step towards digitizing and consolidating historical land records. By bringing together data spanning over a century, the system creates a centralized and accessible platform that holds valuable insights into the ownership, titles, and transactional history of each parcel of land across the state.

This innovative approach ensures that stakeholders, residents, and applicants can now easily access and navigate the extensive wealth of information related to land. The integration of historical records with contemporary land titles and transactional details forms a comprehensive cadastral system, contributing to the efficiency and transparency of land-related processes in the state.

The e-GIS system thus serves as a valuable tool in simplifying land management and fostering a more informed and streamlined approach to land-related inquiries and applications.

It stated

“Now, anyone can verify, search, and apply for land titles, including Governor’s Consent, from the comfort of their homes at the click of a computer button. This innovative system has organized all archived land records dating back to the 19th century and merged them with all land titles, storing historical transactional data on every parcel of land in the State’s cadastre.”

Important Information

The real estate sector in Lagos state has encountered challenges concerning the unauthorized sale of land without the necessary allocation and approval from the state government. In a recent development, the Lagos state government had to step in to mediate a dispute between a real estate company and a buyer.

The contention arose due to the alleged failure to allocate land that the individual had purportedly purchased. This intervention underscores the significance of adhering to proper procedures and approvals in real estate transactions to prevent disputes and ensure the legitimacy of land sales.


How Can I Check the Authenticity of Land in Lagos?

Performing a search at the Land Registry in Lagos State provides information on the rightful owner of a piece of land. Additionally, this search unveils any associated obligations, such as government acquisitions, existing mortgages, or leaseholds related to the property under consideration.

How Do You Prove that You are the Owner of the Land?

Documentation for Proof of Ownership:

  • A deed or Official Record: A legal deed or an official record serves as a primary proof of ownership, outlining the transfer of property from one party to another.
  • Mortgage Documentation: Mortgage paperwork, including loan agreements and associated documents, verifies ownership in cases where the property is financed through a mortgage.
  • Homeowners Insurance Documentation: Homeowners’ insurance records provide evidence of ownership and coverage, offering protection against potential risks and damages to the property.
  • Property Tax Receipt or Bill: Property tax documents, such as receipts or bills, are official records of tax payments, affirming ownership and compliance with tax obligations.
  • Manufactured Home Certificate or Title: For manufactured homes, a certificate or title establishes ownership and may include details about the home’s construction and specifications.
  • Home Purchase Contracts: Various purchase contracts, such as the Bill of Sale, Bond for Title, or Land Installment Contract, serve as legal agreements confirming the transfer of ownership from the seller to the buyer. Learn more
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How Do I Know if My Land Title Document is Original?

After obtaining the relevant documents, proceed to the Land Bureau located in Alausa, Ikeja, Lagos State, to authenticate the legitimacy of the land document. Once the authenticity is confirmed, conduct a site inspection if you have not previously visited the land. This process ensures a thorough verification of the property’s legal standing and physical condition before proceeding with any further transactions or developments.

How Do I Verify a Land Title Document in Nigeria?

To verify the legitimacy and ownership status of the land, visit the appropriate Land Registry or Land Bureau in the state where the land is situated. Request a search on the land title to confirm its authenticity.

Note that there might be a fee associated with this service, and it is advisable to be prepared for such costs. This step is crucial in ensuring that the land title is valid and accurately reflects the ownership details before proceeding with any further transactions or agreements.

How Do I Find Out if a Land is Registered?

The applicant can formally apply to the office of the Surveyor-General to ascertain the status of a specific piece of land using its coordinates. This method of land verification aims to determine whether the land is subject to any government acquisition. This process helps in obtaining accurate information about the land’s legal standing, ensuring clarity and transparency regarding its status.

What is Evidence of Land Ownership in Nigeria?

A land title document is a crucial requirement for establishing ownership of a property in Nigeria and many other jurisdictions worldwide, primarily because of the immovable nature of real estate. This document serves as tangible evidence that can indicate the historical ownership of a specific property, including details about previous and current owners.

In essence, a land document provides a comprehensive record of the property’s ownership history, making it an essential and reliable proof of ownership.


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